Study of flotation behavior and mechanism of cervantite activation by copper ions
Kaibin Fu 1,2
Zhen Wang 1,2
More details
Hide details
School of Environment and Resource, Southwest University of Science and Technology
Key Laboratory of Solid Waste Treatment and Resource Recycle Ministry of Education, Southwest University of Science and Technology
School of Resources Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University
Sichuan Engineering Lab of Non-metallic Mineral Powder Modification & High-value Utilization
Corresponding author
Jinming Wang   

School of Environment and Resource, Southwest University of Science and Technology, qinglong street No.59, mianyang, 621010 mingyang, China
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2018;54(3):814-825
Copper-ion activation plays a highly important role in cervantite (Sb2O4) flotation. Without metal-ion activation, cervantite cannot be floated by sodium oleate. In this study, flotation tests were conducted to study the effect of Cu2+ on the flotation behaviours of cervantite and quartz (SiO2) as the main gangue mineral. Metal-ion adsorption capacities, zeta potentials, solution chemistry and X-ray photoelectron spectra were analyzed to study the adsorption behavior and mechanism of copper ions and sodium oleate interaction with the minerals surfaces. The results demonstrate that under weakly acidic conditions, cervantite can be flotated and separated from quartz by the addition of copper ions. The reason is that copper ions can be selectively adsorbed on the cervantite surface under weakly acidic conditions, thereby promoting the adsorption of sodium oleate onto the cervantite surface by chemical adsorption. Conversely, copper ions are weakly adsorbed on quartz surfaces below pH 6.1, and sodium oleate cannot be adsorbed on quartz surfaces by chemical adsorption. The hydroxy copper species are integral to the selective activation of cervantite over quartz.
ALBRECHT T. W. J., ADDAI - MENSAH J., FORNASIERO D., 2016. Critical copper concentration in sphalerite flotation: Effect of temperature and collector. International Journal of Mineral Processing. 146, 15-22.
ASHLEY P. M., CRAW D., GRAHAM B. P., CHAPPELL D. A., 2003. Environmental mobility of antimony around mesothermal stibnite deposits, New South Wales, Australia and southern New Zealand. Journal of Geochemical Exploration.77, 1-14.
BEAUSSART A., MIERCZYNSKA -VASILEV A., BEATTIE D. A., 2009. Adsorption of dextrin on hydrophobic minerals. Langmuir, 25, 9913−9921.
EJTEMAEI M., IRANNAJAD M., GHARABAGHI M., 2012. Role of dissolved mineral species in selective flotation of smithsonite from quartz using oleate as collector.International Journal of Mineral Processing. 114-117, 40-47.
FENG Q. C., ZHAO W. J., WEN S. M., CAO Q. B., 2017. Activation mechanism of lead ions in cassiterite flotation with salicylhydroxamic acid as collector. Separation and Purification Technology, 178, 193-199.
GUO C. H., 1997. An efficient activator on flotation of fine antimony oxide. Journal of Central South University of Technology. 4, 58-60.
GUDYANGA F. P., MAHLANGU T., CHIFAMBA J., SIMBI D. J., 1998. Reductive - oxidative pretreatment of a stibnite flotation concentrate: Thermodynamic and kinetic considerations. Minerals Engineering.11, 563-580.
GOPALAKRISHNAN P. S., MANOHAR H., 1976. Topotactic oxidation of valentinite Sb2O3 to cervantite Sb2O4: Kinetics and mechanism. Journal of solid state chemistry.16, 301-306.
JIN J. X., GAO H. M., CHEN X. M., PENG Y. J., 2016. The separation of kyanite from quartz by flotation at acidic pH. Minerals Engineering. 92, 221-228.
JIANG T.Y., JIANG J., XU R. K., LI Z., 2012. Adsorption of Pb(II) on variable charge soils amended with rice-straw derived biochar. Chemosphere.89, 249-256.
KOU J., XU S., SUN T., SUN C., GUO Y., WANG C., 2016. A study of sodium oleate adsorption on Ca2+ activated quartz surface using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation. International Journal of Mineral Processing. 154 : 24-34.
LI N., XIA Y., MAO Z W., WANG L., GUAN Y., ZHENG A. N., 2012. Influence of antimony oxide on flammability of polypropylene / intumescent flame retardant system. Polymer Degradation and Stability. 97, 1737-1744.
LUO W., ZHANG P. F., WANG, X. P., LI Q. D., DONG Y. F., HUA J. C., ZHOU L., MAI L. Q., 2016. Antimony nanoparticles anchored in three-dimensional carbon network as promising sodium -ion battery anode. Journal of Power Sources. 304, 340-345.
MULTANI R. S., FELDMANN T., DEMOPOULOS G. P.. 2016. Antimony in the metallurgical industry: A review of its chemistry and environmental stabilization options. Hydrometallurgy.164, 141 -153.
OMRAN M., FABRITIUS T., ELMAHDY A. M., ABDEL -KHALEK N. A., EI -AREF M., ELMANAWI A. E.. 2015. XPS and FTIR spectroscopic study on microwave treated high phosphorus iron ore. Applied surface science. 345, 127-140.
ROPER A. J., WILLIAMS P. A., FILELLA M.. 2012. Secondary antimony minerals: Phases that control the dispersion of antimony in the supergene zone. Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry.72 ,9-14.
SUN W., SUN C., LIU R. Q., CAO X. F., TAO H. B. 2016. Electrochemical behavior of galena and jamesonite flotation in high alkaline pulp. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China. 26, 551-556.
TASEIDIFAR M., MAKAVIPOUR F., PASHLEY R. M. MOKHLESUR RAHMAN A.F.M.. 2017. Removal of heavy metal ions from water using ion flotation. Environmental Technology & Innovation. 8, 182-190.
TAKASHIRI M., HAMADA J.. 2016. Bismuth antimony telluride thin films with unique crystal orientation by two-step method. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 683, 276-281.
WANG J. M., WANG Y. H., YU S. L., YU F. S.. 2014. Study on sulphidization roasting and flotation of cervantite. Minerals Engineering. 61, 92-96.
WANG J. M., WANG Y. H., YU S. L., YU S. L., YU F. S.. 2013. Flotation behavior and mechanism of cervantite with sodium dodecyl sulfate. Journal of Central South University. 44, 3955-3962.
XIAO L. P., LIAO P. J., HU W. B.. 1987. Effect of physico - chemical characteristics of surfactant emulsion on antimony oxide flotation. Colloids and Surfaces. 26, 273-289.
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top