Study of the reaction between dolomite and nitric acid
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Department of Inorganic Technology, University of Chemistry and Technology Prague
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Martin Pultar   

Department of Inorganic Technology, University of Chemistry and Technology Prague, Technicka 5, Praha 6 - Dejvice, 16628 Prague, Czech Republic
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2019;55(2):370-379
This paper is focused on the kinetics of the reaction between natural dolomite and diluted solutions of nitric acid at various temperatures. All experiments were carried out in a semi-batch reactor with an approximately constant nitric acid concentration using the pH-stat titration method. The reaction was studied in the temperature range from 293 to 353 K and the nitric acid concentration in the range from 0.001 to 0.200 mol dm-3. The strong effects of both temperature and nitric acid concentration were observed. The determined fractional values of the apparent reaction order (0.39 to 0.75) indicate a very complex reaction mechanism. In the studied concentration range, the values of the apparent activation energy increase from 30 to 58 kJ mol-1. Based on these data it can be assumed that the reaction takes place in the transitional regime with the stronger influence of chemical reaction. This assumption was verified by calculation of the nitric acid concentration on the surface of the dolomite grain using Sherwood criterion equation. The change in the role of the rate-controlling step was found for highly diluted solutions (< 0.010 mol dm-3 HNO3).
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