Kinetic modelling of flotation column and Jameson cell in coal
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Kutahya Dumlupınar University
Sevgi Karaca   

Kutahya Dumlupınar University
Publication date: 2022-08-17
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2022;58(5):152848
Physical enrichment technologies can be used worldwide in various coal washing plants to enrich up to 500 μm particle size. Conversely, coals smaller than this are discarded as waste, causing storage and environmental issues. In this regard, studies on coal below 500 μm in Turkey have recently acquired attraction. The Jameson flotation cell and flotation column, which have many uses worldwide but are not used throughout the plant in Turkey, were used to investigate the separation possibilities of coals below 500 µm. In the study, the flotation column and Jameson cell performances for three different particle sizes (-500+300, -300+212 and -212+106 μm) were compared. For the first time, both machines operated in a negative bias condition. In addition, the flotation kinetics of the machines were modelled with some critical operating parameters. Models illustrating the main and multiple effects of the parameters were developed using the data derived from the experimental results, and the models were statistically significant at the 95% confidence level. In the experiments performed with both flotation machines, the flotation rate increases with the decrease in particle size in general. According to the results, the velocity increase in the Jameson cell was 0.0050-0.0075 min-1 compared to the flotation column in the experiments performed in the size range of -500+300 µm, and the flotation rate constant increased approximately twice. In the size range of -212+106 µm, the difference became larger, and the flotation rate of the Jameson cell increased up to six times with a difference of 0.0450-0.0500 min-1