Specific ion effect of chloride salts on collectorless flotation of coal
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Istanbul University
Publication date: 2013-06-01
Corresponding author
Orhan Ozdemir   

Istanbul University, Mining Engineering Department, 34320, Avcilar, Istanbul
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2013;49(2):511-524
Separation of naturally hydrophobic particles, such as coal, by flotation is known to be enhanced with the addition of salt solutions into the system. In this study, the flotation of bituminous coal in the presence of NaCl, KCl, CaCl2 and MgCl2 without use of any flotation chemicals was investigated in detailed. In addition, zeta potential and foam stability tests were performed. The results from this study showed that the flotation behaviour of coal was influenced by these dissolved salts, and determined by the specific effect of these ions, while MgCl2 and KCl solutions showed the highest and the lowest flotation performance improvements, respectively. The ash content of the products also increased with the salt concentration. This can be attributed to the entrainment of the ash minerals in the salt solutions, particularly at higher salt concentrations. Meanwhile, the froth stability tests at 1 M salt concentration also indicated that there is a correlation between the flotation recovery and stability profile of the froth. These results also clearly indicated that Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ ions have a strong ion specific effect on the flotation recovery of the coal particles, and there is an optimum salt concentration to produce a clean coal in these salt solutions.
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