Research on adsorptive and electrokinetic properties of SiO2 in the presence of polyethylene oxide of different purities
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Publication date: 2011-06-01
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Jacek Patkowski   

Department of Radiochemistry and Chemistry of Colloids, Faculty of Chemistry, UMCS, pl. Marii Curie- Skłodowskiej 3, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2011;47(1):275-284
The influence of impurities present in polymer solutions on adsorptive and electrokinetic properties of PEO 100 000 with commercial silica was analysed. Adsorption was measured with a spectrophotometric method and zeta potential with a zetasizer. A XRF method was used to estimate the quality and quantity of impurities in polyethylene oxide solutions. Impurities left after the polymerisation process, present in polymer solutions can adsorb competitively with macromolecules of the polymer. As a result of that, they block active centres on the surface of the adsorbent thus leaving less surface available for polymer molecules. Purification process is conducted in order to improve the quality of analysed polymer material. Polyethylene oxides used in the presented research were purified by filtration process and fractionation on chromatographic column. Overall, three different samples of PEO were used: commercial of high quality, filtrated and fractionated. Results show that adsorption of polyethylene oxide of high purity is independent on pH of the solution. Adsorption isotherms of fractionated and analytical-grade polymer are sharp, which indicates their low polydispersity ratio. An adsorption amount of analysed polymers is dependent only on the amount of impurities present in polymer material. Zeta potential measurements show, that polyethylene oxide always increases zeta potential of silica.
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