DFT and TOF-SIMS study of the interaction between hydrogen sulfide ion and malachite (–201) surface
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Kunming University of Science and Technology,Honghe University
Kunming University of Science and Technology
Dandan Wu   

Kunming University of Science and Technology
Publication date: 2021-08-11
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2021;57(5):71–79
In this paper, the mechanism of interaction between hydrogen sulfide ions and malachite was investigated using density functional theory (DFT) calculations and time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). The DFT calculations showed that HS− adsorption on the malachite (−201) surface was stronger than that of S adsorption resulting from the higher number of electron transfers in the solution which accelerated the sulfidation reaction rate. Density of states (DOS) analysis showed that the near Fermi level was jointly contributed to by the Cu 3d, O 2p, O 2S, and S 3P orbits after adsorption of HS− on the malachite (–201)surface. It was found that the 2p orbital of O and the 3p orbital of S overlapped, indicating that S not only reacted with Cu, but also with O. The TOF-SIMS detected S− and CuS2− fragment ion peaks in the 0−150 m/z negative segment of mass spectra. TOF-SIMS also showed that copper sulfide films of certain thicknesses were formed, demonstrating the effectiveness of hydrogen sulfide sulfidation in flotation processes.