The use of 1-alkylimidzoles for selective separation of zinc ions in the trasport process across a polymeric inclusion membrane
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University of Technology and Life Sciences
Czestochowa University of Technology
Elzbieta Radzyminska-Lenarcik   

Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Technology and Life Sciences, Seminaryjna 3, 85-326 Bydgoszcz
Malgorzata Ulewicz   

Czestochowa University of Technology, Dąbrowskiego 69, 42-201 Częstochowa
Publication date: 2014-01-01
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2014;50(1):131–142
The transport of Zn(II) ions from different aqueous nitrate(V) source feeding phases (cMe = 0.001 mol/dm3, pH 6.0) across polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs) doped with 1-alkylimidazole as an ion carrier was reported. Alkyl substituents in position 1 of imidazole ring have an effect on hydrophobic properties of the carriers and the initial flux of the transported metal ions. The membranes were characterized by an atomic force microscopy (AFM). The results show that the Zn(II) ions could effectively be separated from other transition metal cations such as Co(II) and Ni(II) from different equimolar ion mixtures. Also, the thermal stability of PIM doped with 1-decylimidazole was studied in replicate experiments. The highest separation coefficients for the Zn(II)/Co(II) and Zn(II)/Ni(II) systems, equal to 9.4 and 11.9 were recorded for the equimolar Zn(II)-Co(II)-Ni(II) mixture for 1-hexylimidazole as a carrier, while using 1-decylimidazole resulted in the highest values of initial flux of the Zn(II) ions transport across the polymeric membrane.