Selection of optimal coal blends in terms of ash fusion temperatures using Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier - a case study for Polish coals
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Główny Instytut Górnictwa
Alina Żogała   

Główny Instytut Górnictwa
Publication date: 2019-09-06
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2019;55(5):1311–1322
One of the most important criteria for selecting coal for a given technology are the ash fusion temperatures (AFTs). An effective way to regulate the AFTs so that they meet the criteria for a given industrial application is to form blends of different coals. The values of the AFTs in the blends are non-additive, therefore they can't be calculated using the weighted average of the blend components. On the other hand, direct determination of ATFs values requires many additional time-consuming and expensive laboratory tests. Therefore, it is important to develop a solution that, in addition to the effective prediction of the values of AFTs, will also enable optimal selection of components of the blend in terms of its key parameters. The aim of the work was to develop an algorithm for the selection of the optimal coal blends in terms of AFTs for given industrial applications. This algorithm uses nonlinear classifying model which was built using machine learning method, support vector machine (SVM). To carry out the training samples of Polish hard coals from different mines of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin were used. The accuracy of the developed model is 92.3%. The results indicate the effectiveness of the proposed solution, which can find practical application in the form of an expert system used in the coal industry. The paper presents the concept of developed IT tool which has been tested for a selected case.