Influence and mechanism of Zn2+ on fluorite/calcite in sodium hexametaphosphate flotation system
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1
Kunming University of Science and Technology
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BGRIMM Technology Group
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Dan Liu   

Kunming University of Science and Technology
Publication date: 2022-06-28
 
 
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ABSTRACT
Fluorite and calcite have similar surface properties and natural floatability, so their flotation separation has always been a problem faced by the beneficiation industry. The key to flotation separation is the choice of depressants. Sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) has a good effect on fluorite calcite selective inhibition. In this paper, the effects of Zn2+ on the selective inhibition of SHMP in the flotation process of fluorite and calcite were studied through single mineral and artificial mixed mineral flotation experiments. Solution chemical calculation, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Time of Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) analyses investigated the mechanism of action of Zn2+, which had the most significant negative effect on the selective inhibition of SHMP. The results show that the main components of SHMP inhibiting minerals are HPO42- and H2PO4-, which can react with Ca active sites on the mineral surface to form hydrophilic Ca(H2PO4)2 and CaHPO4, while Zn2+ The presence of HPO42- in solution resulted in the formation of stable ZnHPO4 complexes, thereby weakening the inhibitory effect of SHMP on minerals.
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ISSN:1643-1049