Advanced biocomposites based on silica and lignin precursors
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Poznan University of Technology
Teofil Jesionowski   

Poznan University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, M. Sklodowskiej–Curie 2, PL-60-965 Poznan, Poland
Publication date: 2013-06-01
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2013;49(2):497–509
A new method is proposed for obtaining biocomposites based on a combination of silica and lignin precursors. Amorphous silica was produced by two methods: one based on hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethoxysilane (sol–gel method) and the other involving precipitation in a polar medium. Additionally, the commercial silica known under the name of Syloid®244 was used. The silica surface was modified to ensure better affinity of the support to activated lignin. The biocomposites obtained were carefully characterised by determination of their physicochemical and dispersive– morphological properties. Electrokinetic stability of the biocomposites was evaluated on the basis of zeta potential dependence on pH. Thermal stability of the biocomposites and their porous structure parameters (surface area, pore diameter and pore volume) were established. The results indicate that silica/lignin biocomposites are much promising for application in many areas of science and industry.