The removal of dolomite from collophane using reverse flotation process enhanced by compound collector
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Wuhan Institute of Technology
Central South University
Publication date: 2023-01-27
Corresponding author
Xiangyi Deng   

Wuhan Institute of Technology
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2023;59(1):159965
To improve the magnesia removal effect of collophane and increase the P2O5 grade of phosphorus concentrate, the fatty acid collector mixed with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was used as the compound collector in reverse flotation for magnesia removal in acid system. Solution surface tension measurement, Zeta potential test and infrared spectrum analysis were conducted to analyze the intensified effect of compound collector for dolomite removal. The results showed that under the conditions of grinding fineness -0.074 mm accounted for 89.8%, sulfuric acid dosage 12.0 kg/t, phosphoric acid dosage 3.0 kg/t, SDS compound proportion 3%, collector dosage 1.0 kg/t, the P2O5 grade of concentrate is increased from 25.7% to 29.94%. SDS can reduce the surface tension of slurry, which is conducive to the formation and stability of flotation foam. Zeta potential became negative due to the compound collector adsorbed on the mineral surface. Moreover, the -CH2 antisymmetric stretching vibration peak originated from fatty acid and SDS were detected after the interaction of collectors with dolomite. The compound collector was effectively adsorbed on the surface of dolomite, enhancing the magnesium removal effect of collophane.
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