Physicochemical properties of pseudobrookite Fe2TiO5 synthesized from ilmenite ore by co-precipitation route
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Taif University
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Mohamed Mahmoud   

Taif University, Abu Bakr st., Taif Taif, Saudi Arabia
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2019;55(1):290-300
Pseudobrookite (Fe2TiO5) is a semiconductor with numerous potential applications. Low-grade ilmenite ore has been used as an inexpensive source of Fe and Ti for preparation of Pseudobrookite. Ilmenite was first leached with 20% hydrochloric acid for 3 h at 70°C. Co-precipitation of soluble Fe and Ti from the rich filtrate was carried out at pH ≥ 9.1 followed by calcination at different temperatures (900-1300 oC) for 2 h. X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD) showed that a single-phase nanocrystalline pseudobrookite powder was produced. The pH was a critical parameter for the evolution of formation the different sizes, structural morphology, and the magnetic properties of the product. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images showed that particles synthesized at pH 11.2 contained more agglomerations and were more porous than those synthesized at pH 9.1. As the calcination temperature increases, the Fe2TiO5 changes from a small rod-like structure to an elongated rod-like structure, and finally to interconnected aggregated crystals. The magnetization of the synthesized Fe2TiO5 was measured using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and was found steadily increase with increasing calcination temperature from 1000 (≈9 emu/g) to 1300°C (16 emu/g). Such a large saturation of magnetization might be due to the high phase purity and well-defined crystallinity of Fe2TiO5.
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