Physicochemical properties and NH3-SCR catalytic performance of intercalated layered aluminosilicates
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AGH University of Science and Technology
CSIC-UPV - Instituto de Tecnología Química (ITQ)
Publication date: 2023-08-22
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Agnieszka Szymaszek-Wawryca   

AGH University of Science and Technology
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2023;59(4):171381
The representative of natural layered clays, bentonite, was modified according to two routes and tested as a new catalyst for selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides with ammonia (NH3-SCR). The natural acid-activated clay was ion-exchanged with Na+ or remained in H-form and pillared with metal oxides. In order to limit the number of synthesis steps, iron as an active phase was introduced simultaneously with Al2O3 during the intercalation procedure. Additionally, the samples were doped with 0.5 wt% of copper to promote low-temperature activity. It was found that the performed modifications resulted in disorganization of the ordered layered arrangement of bentonite. Nevertheless, acid activation and pillaring improved structural and textural parameters. The results of catalytic tests indicated that the samples containing Fe2O3 pillars promoted with Cu exhibited the highest NO conversion of 85% at 250 °C (H-Bent-AlFe-Cu) and 75% at 300 °C (Na-Bent-AlFe-Cu). What is important, activity of the protonated samples in the high-temperature region was noticeably affected by the side reaction of ammonia oxidation, correlated with the production of NO and resulting in N2O emission during the process comparing to Na-Bentonite catalysts.
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