Influence of frother type and dose on collectorless flotation of copper-bearing shale in a flotation column
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Wroclaw University of Technology
Przemyslaw B. Kowalczuk   

Wroclaw University of Technology, Division of Mineral Processing, Wybrzeze Wyspianskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw
Publication date: 2015-06-01
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2015;51(2):547–558
In this paper the influence of nonionic (methyl isobutyl carbinol, tri(ethylene glycol) monobutyl ether) and cationic (hexylamine) frothers on flotation of copper-bearing shale in a flotation column was investigated. It was shown that naturally hydrophobic shale did not float in pure water but it floated in the presence of the investigated frothers. The real contact angle of shale, measured by the sessile drop method, was equal to about 40°, while its effective contact angle was zero when shale was floated in a flotation column in pure water. The investigated surfactants increased the effective hydrophobicity of shale from zero to 16±1, 22±1 and 33±2° for coarse, medium and fine particles, respectively. The calculations of the effective contact angle were based on a simplified probabilistic model of flotation.