Flotation and molecular dynamics simulation of muscovite with mixed anionic/cationic collectors
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College of Mining, Liaoning Technical University
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Liaoning Technical University
School of Finance, Dongbei University of Finance and Economics
Publication date: 2020-01-17
Corresponding author
Caixia Li   

College of Mining, Liaoning Technical University
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2020;56(2):313-324
In this study, three kinds of anionic collectors (sodium oleate (NaOl), sodium dodecyl sulfonate (SDS) and naphthenic acid (NA)) were used in combination with dodecylamine (DDA) to investigate the flotation behavior of muscovite under the action of different mixed anionic/cationic collectors, and their mechanisms for adsorption on the muscovite (001) surface were clarified using molecular dynamics simulations. The flotation results indicated that different mixed anionic/cationic collectors could improve the recovery of muscovite to varying degrees, but the optimum molar ratio of anionic collectors to DDA and the optimum mixed collector dosage were different. Molecular dynamics simulations showed that the mixed anionic/cationic collectors could significantly increase the hydrophobicity of the muscovite, as evidenced by the decrease in the calculated water molecule density on the muscovite surface and the diffusion coefficient of water molecules at the solid/liquid interface. The interaction between the amino group and the polar group of anionic collectors reduced the electrostatic repulsion between DDA cations and theoretically increased the adsorption capacity of the mixed anionic/cationic collectors on the muscovite surface. Moreover, DDA/NA and DDA/NaOl could improve the calculated carbon atom density on the muscovite surface, which enhanced the hydrophobic association between nonpolar carbon chains, thus further achieving an enhanced flotation performance.
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