Bond´s work index estimation using non-standard ball mills
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Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Publication date: 2023-09-18
Corresponding author
Ramón Arellano-Piña   

Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2023;59(6):172458
Ore concentrators seek the stability of processes by feeding blends of rocks with average hardness and ore content. Therefore, large amounts of samples must be characterized in a short time. The Bond Work Index (Wi) is a common technique for the estimation of hardness and energy requirement for comminution using ball mills. However, this technique is time-consuming (close to 5 hours) and liable to experimental errors. This work contributes to obtaining new models for rapid Bond Work Index estimation using non-standard dimensions mills. This was done by proposing grinding tests using four types of ores and four mills of different dimensions, including the standard Bond ball mill (BBM). For all tests it was kept constant: (a) critical speed (91%), and (b) mill charge by volume (10.5%), varying the amount of fresh feed according to its density. The results showed that using the non-standard mills (between 20 and 35 cm in diameter), the Bond´s model constants (α=0.23; β= 0.82, and γ = 44.5), are unable to predict the Work Index properly. Therefore, these constants must be recalculated using linear models based on mill diameter. With the models proposed for α, β, and γ, the Bond Work Index (kWh/t) can be rapidly estimated (less than 2 hours) and show a high accuracy for mills of non-standard dimensions (R2= 0.96).
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