RÓŻNICE MIĘDZYPŁCIOWE W PRACOHOLIZMIE I CECHACH ZWIĄZANYCH Z PRACĄ
Iwona Dudek 1  
,   Malwina Szpitalak 1  
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Wydział Filozoficzny, Instytut Psychologii
Data publikacji: 30-12-2019
 
Studia Humanistyczne AGH 2019;18(4):59–76
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
STRESZCZENIE
W artykule dokonano przeglądu badań na temat różnic w pracoholizmie, perfekcjonizmie i samoutrudnianiu między kobietami a mężczyznami. Przedstawiono także wyniki badań własnych, w których analizowano różnice międzypłciowe w tych cechach. Trzysta czternaście osób pracujących, o różnym stażu pracy indywidualnie lub w niewielkich grupach wypełniło kwestionariusze uzależnienia od pracy i perfekcjonizmu oraz skalę samoutrudniania. Zgodnie z przewidywaniami, kobiety odznaczały się istotnie wyższym ogólnym poziomem pracoholizmu niż mężczyźni. Istotne różnice odnotowano w dwóch z pięciu wymiarów pracoholizmu: Emocjonalnym Pobudzeniu/Perfekcjonizmie oraz Przeciążeniu Pracą. Kobiety cechował wyższy niż mężczyzn poziom nieadaptacyjnego perfekcjonizmu, który jest uważany za ważny komponent uzależnienia od pracy. Różnice międzypłciowe odnotowano także w stosowanych strategiach samoutrudniania. Kobiety charakteryzowały się silniejszą tendencją do samousprawiedliwienia niż mężczyźni oraz wyższym poziomem zdyscyplinowania i mobilizacji, a mężczyźni – większą odpornością emocjonalną niż kobiety. Uzyskane rezultaty omówiono w kontekście norm społecznych oraz ról i zadań, jakie obecnie pełnią kobiety.
 
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