Preparation of α-calcium sulfate hemihydrate from industrial by-product gypsum: a review
Qingjun Guan 1  
,   Ying Sui 1,   Fang Zhang 1,   Weijian Yu 1,   Yongjie Bo 1,   Ping Wang 1,   Wenqing Peng 1,   Jiao Jin 2
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Hunan University of Science and Technology
Changsha University of Science and Technology
Qingjun Guan   

Hunan University of Science and Technology
Publication date: 2020-11-23
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2021;57(1):168–181
In recent years, the massive accumulation of industrial by-product gypsum, especially flue gas desulfurization (FGD) gypsum and phosphogypsum (PG), not only encroaches on lands but also causes serious environmental pollution. The preparation of α-calcium sulfate hemihydrate (α-HH) from industrial by-product gypsum is an important way to solve the massive accumulation. α-HH possessing larger, dense and well-grown crystals with fewer cracks and pores has high added value and a wide range of application. Hitherto the preparation methods of α-HH from industrial by-product gypsum mainly include the autoclave process, salt/acid solution process, or alcohol-water solution process. Thereinto, the autoclave process is the only method to realize industrialization. In order to solve the high energy consumption and unfavorable continuous operation of the autoclave process, researchers suggested alternative approaches, such as salt/acid solution process and alcohol-water solution process. However, these methods are basically in the laboratory stage or pilot scale test at present. Compared with FGD gypsum, the utilization rate of PG with a larger emission is very low owing to the high impurity content. And combining the preparation of α-HH with the recovery of valuable impurities from PG seems a promising way to solve the bulk deposition of PG.