Micaceous iron oxide production by application of magnetic separation
More details
Hide details
Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mining Engineering
Sezai Sen   

Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mining Engineering, Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mining Engineering, Tinaztepe Campus, Buca, 35390 Izmir, Turkey
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2018;54(2):546–553
In this study, different flowsheet options were evaluated to achieve the best upgrading conditions for a micaceous iron oxide ore. The first option included the recovery of micaceous iron oxide particles using a double stage magnetic separation circuit after the grinding and classifying of the ore into coarse (-1000+106 µm) and fine (-106 µm) size fractions. A belt type dry high gradient magnetic separator (BHGMS) was used to beneficiate the coarse fraction. The concentrate of the BHGMS was ground to -106 µm, and combined with the fine fraction produced at screening stage, and subjected to high gradient magnetic separation (HGMS) at 1.2 T. A concentrate grading about 61.33% Fe with 60.3% recovery was obtained applying the separation process incorporating BHGMS and HGMS. A single stage separation circuit considering the use of HGMS after the grinding the ore below 106 µm was employed as the second concentration option. A concentrate having 63.80% Fe with 37.1% weight recovery was obtained in this test. As the highest Fe grade and the lowest S concentration was obtained by application of HGMS after the grinding the ore below 106 µm, and it was decided to conduct a pilot scale study using pulsating HGMS. A concentrate assaying 69.45% Fe with 60.1% weight recovery was produced by operating the pulsating HGMS at 0.6 T. The results showed that it was possible to obtain a micaceous iron oxide concentrate to be used in pigment production using magnetic separation method.
BAENA O. J.R, PINILLA A.F., BELLO S.D., 2009, Characterization and concentration of specularite as natural pigment for to manufacture anticorrosives paints, Revista Mexicana De Fisica, 55(1), 123-126.
CHEN L., XIONG D., HUANG H., 2009, Pulsating high-gradient magnetic separation of fine hematite from tailings, Minerals and Metallurgical Processing, 26(3), 163-168.
CORNELL R.M., SCHWERTMANN U., 2006, The Iron Oxides: Structure, Properties, Reactions, Occurrences and Uses, Wiley-VCH GmbH & Co. KGaA.
HAOZI L.V., PENG Z., TONG X., CHEN L., CHEN Y., 2017, Pulsating high gradient magnetic separation for purification of quartz, Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing, 53(1), 617−627.
ISO/TC 256 PIGMENTS, DYESTUFFS AND EXTENDERS TECHNICAL COMMITTEE, 2007, ISO 10601, Micaceous iron oxide pigments for paints --Specifications and test methods, International Organization for Standardization.
KALENDA P., KALENDOVA A., STENGL V., ANTOS P., SUBRT J., KVACA Z., BAKARDJIEVA S., 2004, Properties of surface-treated mica in anticorrosive coatings, Progress in Organic Coatings, 49, 137–145.
RAVI B.P., VENKATESHA B., KRISHNA S.J.G, PATIL M.R. and KUMAR P.S., 2015, Beneficiation of micaceous ıron oxide from Veldurthi Area, Kurnool, AP, India, Powder Metallurgy & Mining, 4(1), 1-4.
TANNER A. O., 2016, Iron oxide pigments, U.S. Geological Survey, Mineral Commodity Summaries, 92-93.
VAPUR H., TOP S., 2016, Improving of quality properties of the specularite ore (in Turkish), Çukurova University Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, 31(1), 293-300.
WANG W., ZHANG J., YANG C., Experimental research on beneficiation process for a specularite ore, Advanced Materials Research, 304, 387-394.
ZHENG X., WANG Y., LU D., 2017, Study on buildup of fine weakly magnetic minerals on matrices in high gradient magnetic separation, Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing, 53(1), 94−109.