Iron removing from titanium slag for synthetic rutile
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Amirkabir University of Technology
Mehdi Irannajad   

Department of Mining and Metallurgical Eng., Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Publication date: 2012-06-01
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2012;48(2):425–439
Leaching with sulfuric and hydrochloric acids for upgrading titanium slag obtained from the Qara-aghaj ilmenite concentrate to a high grade titanium dioxide (TiO2) was studied. The titanium slag containing 72.7% TiO2 and 7.8% Fe2O3 was leached at varying solid/liquid (S/L) ratio, particle size, leaching time and acid concentration. The optimum amount of S/L ratio, particle size, acid concentration and leaching time using both acids were determined as 1:4, -100 um, 8% and 2 h. Under optimum conditions, by using sulfuric acid, a titanium dioxide concentrate with 86.8% TiO2 and 1.87% Fe2O3 was produced, while employing hydrochloric acid resulted in a concentrate containing 91% TiO2 and 0.61% Fe2O3. The titanium dioxide concentrate prepared with hydrochloric acid, having acicular texture and by means of elongated separate particles; has less impurities than the one produced by sulfuric acid. The results demonstrate that hydrochloric acid dissolution of titanium slag and removing some impurities such as SiO2 and MgO provide a product with good quality is prepared which is suitable as raw material for TiO2 pigment production through the chloride process.