Influences of operating parameters on dry ball mill performance
More details
Hide details
Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University
Serkan Cayirli   

Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Department of Mining Engineering, 51245 Niğde, Turkey
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2018;54(3):751–762
The paper is aimed to investigate the influence of operating parameters on dry fine grinding of calcite in a laboratory scale conventional ball mill. Within the context, the influence of operating parameters such as mill speed, ball filling ratio, ball size distribution, powder filling ratio, grinding aid dosage and grinding time were studied. The results of grinding tests were evaluated based on the product particle size (d50, d80) and surface area (m2/kg). As a result of this study, optimum grinding test conditions determined to be 70% of Nc, J=0.35 for ball filling ratio, 40 mm (10%), 32 mm (10%), 20 mm (40%), 12 mm (40%) for ball size distribution, fc=0.125 for powder filling ratio, 2000 g/Mg for grinding aid dosage and 60 min for grinding time. After determining optimum grinding conditions, the influence of grinding aid dosage on powder fluidity was determined. The use of 2000 g/Mg grinding aid dosage had a greater fluidizing effect compared to the other dosages and no aid condition (0 g/Mg). The influence of grinding aid on dry fine grinding of calcite was also examined by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). FTIR measurements indicated that grinding aid was adsorbed on the ground calcite particles surface.
ALTUN, O., BENZER, H., TOPRAK, A., ENDERLE, U., 2015. Utilization of grinding aids in dry horizontal stirred milling, Powder Technol., 286, 610–615.
AUSTIN, L.G., KLIMPEL, R.R., LUCKIE, P.T., 1984. Process Engineeringof Size Reduction: Ball Milling, M.E.-A.I.M.E., New York, USA.
BOND, F.C., 1958. Grinding ball size selection, Trans. AIME, 592–595.
CHOI, H., LEE, W., KIM, S., 2009. Effect of grinding aids on the kinetics of fine grinding energy consumed of calcite powders by a stirred ball mill, Adv. Powder Technol., 20, 350–354.
DENIZ, V., 2012. The effects of ball filling and ball diameter on kinetic breakage parameters of barite powder, Adv. Powder Technol., 23, 640–646.
DENIZ, V., 2011. Influence of interstitial filling on breakage kinetics of gypsum in ball mill, Adv. Powder Technol., 22, 512–517.
DENIZ, V., ONUR, T., 2002. Investigation of the breakage kinetics of pumice samples as dependent on powder filling in a ball mill, Int. J. Miner. Process., 67, 71-78.
DUDA, W.H., 1985. Cement Data Books 1 and 2, Bauverlag GmbH-Weisbaden, Berlin.
ERDEM, A.S., ERGUN, S.L., 2009. The effect of ball size on breakage rate parameter in a pilot scale ball mill, Miner. Eng., 22, 660–664.
FUERSTENAU, D.W., 1995. Grinding aids, KONA Powder Part., 13, 5–18.
GOKCEN, H.S., CAYIRLI, S., UCBAS, Y., KAYACI, K., 2015. The effect of grinding aids on dry micro fine grinding of feldspar, Int. J. Miner. Process., 136, 42–44.
GUPTA, A. and YAN, D.S., 2006. Mineral Processing Design and Operation- An Introduction, Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam.
HASEGAWA, M., KIMATA, M., SHIMANE, M., SHOJI, T., TSURUTA, M., 2001. The effect of liquid additives on dry ultrafine grinding of quartz, Powder Technol., 114, 145–151.
JOLICOEUR, J., MORASSE, S., SHARMAN, J., TAGNIT-HAMOU, A., SLIM, F., PAGÉ, M., 2007. Polyol-type compounds as clinker grinding aids: ınfluence on powder fluidity and on cemen hydration, in: 12th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement, 3–4.
KANO, J., MIO, H., SAITO, F., 2000. Correlation of grinding rate of gibbsite with impact energy of balls, AIChE J. 46, 1694–1697.
KING, R.P., 1994. Comminution and liberation of minerals, Miner. Eng.,7, 129–140.
KUHLMANN, K., ELLERBROCK, H.G., SPRUNG, S., 1985. Particle size distribution and properties of cement, Part I: strength of portland cement, ZKG, 6, 136–145.
LABIDI, N.S., DJEBAILI, A., 2008. Studies of the mechanism of polyvinyl alcohol adsorption on the calcite / water ınterface in the presence of sodium oleate, J. Miner. Mater. Charact. Eng., 7, 147–161.
MAN, Y.T., 2000. A model-based procedure for scale-up of wet, overflow ball mills, Ph.D. Thesis, The University of Queensland.
MANSUR, H.S., ORÉFICE, R.L., MANSUR, A.A.P., 2004. Characterization of poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels and PVA-derived hybrids by small-angle X-ray scattering and FTIR spectroscopy, Polymer (Guildf), 45, 7193–7202.
NAPIER-MUNN, T.J., MORREL, S., MORRISON, R.D., KOJOVIC, T., 1996. Mineral comminution circuits : their operation and optimisation, First. ed. Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre, Australia.
OKSUZOGLU, B., UCURUM, M., 2016. An experimental study on the ultra-fine grinding of gypsum ore in a dry ball mill, Powder Technol., 291, 186–192.
SHI, F., 2004. Comparison of grinding media—Cylpebs versus balls, Miner. Eng.,17, 1259–1268.
SHOJI, K., AUSTIN, L.G., SMAILA, F., BRAME, K., LUCKIE, P.T., 1982. Further studies of ball and powder filling effects in ball milling, Powder Technol., 31, 121–126.
SUMNER, M.S., HEPHER, N.M., MOIR, G.K., 1989, The influence of a narrow particle size distribution on cement paste and concrete water demand, Ciments, Betons, Platr. Chaux, 778–3, 164–168.
TANGSATHITKULCHAI, C., 2003. Effects of slurry concentration and powder filling on the net mill power of a laboratory ball mil, Powder Technol., 137, 131-138.
TARJAN, G., 1981. Mineral processing. Fundamentals, Comminution, Sizing and Classification, 1. Akademıai Kiado, Budapest.
TOPRAK, N.A., ALTUN, O., AYDOGAN, N., BENZER, H., 2014. The influences and selection of grinding chemicals in cement grinding circuits, Constr. Build. Mater., 68, 199–205.
TORAMAN, O.Y., 2012. Effect of chemical additive on stirred bead milling of calcite powder, Powder Technol., 221, 189–191.
UCURUM, M., GULEC, Ö., CINGITAS, M., 2015. Wet grindability of calcite to ultra-fine sizes in conventional ball mill, Part. Sci. Technol., 33, 342–348.
WILLS, B.A., NAPIER-MUNN, T.J., 2006. Wills’ Mineral Processing Technology, Seventh. ed. Elsevier Science & Technology Books.
YOGURTCUOGLU, E., UCURUM, M., 2011. Surface modification of calcite by wet-stirred ball milling and its properties, Powder Technol., 214, 47–53.
ZHANG, Y.M., NAPIER-MUNN, T.J., 1995. Effects of particle size distribution, surface area and chemical composition on Portland cement strength, Powder Technol., 83, 245–252.
ZHENG, J., HARRIS, C.C., SOMASUNDARAN, P., 1997. The effect of additives on stirred media milling of limestone, Powder Technol., 91, 173–179.