Influence of nanosilica and binary oxide systems on the selected physical and mechanical properties of cement composites
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Poznan University of Technology
Łukasz Klapiszewski   

Poznan University of Technology
Publication date: 2021-11-23
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2022;58(2):144184
The paper presents the results of physical and mechanical tests of cement composites that include small amounts of nanosilica, as well as systems of nanosilica with less commonly used iron and nickel nanooxides. In the work, a physicochemical analysis of the nanooxides was performed to compare their morphological and structural properties, to determine their temperature stability and to assess their behavior in the cement matrix environment. Particle distribution analysis indicated a tendency for nanooxide particles to aggregate and agglomerate, with nickel nanooxide showing the highest degree of homogeneity. For iron nanooxide, the largest size scatter and the largest particle aggregates were observed. As expected, the nanosilica displayed the highest specific surface area, whereas, both nickel and iron nanooxide exhibited higher electrokinetic and temperature stability compared to nanosilica, which guarantees their durability in high pH cement matrixes. Cement composites with oxide additions had slightly lower density and comparable absorbability after 28 days of curing, as compared to pure mortar. In the case of nanosilica, after 7 days of curing, a significant increase in compressive strength was observed in comparison with pure mortar, while the strengths were slightly lower at a later time. Synergistic application of nanosilica with nickel or iron nanooxide resulted in significant increases in strength after 28 and 90 days of curing, where the effect of nanosilica alone was not as spectacular.