1.013
IF5
0.901
IF
20
MNiSW
539
Cites 2016
 
 

Flotation separation of cervantite from quartz

Jinming Wang 1, 2  ,  
Yuhua Hua 3,  
Shilei Yu 4,  
Junhui Xiao 5,  
Longhua Xu 5,  
 
1
Southwest University of Science and Technology
2
Key Laboratory of Solid Waste Treatment and Resource Recycle Ministry of Education, china
3
Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, PR China
4
TianJin Huakan Ming investment Co., Ltd
5
Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang, Sichuan, 621010, PR China
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2017;53(2):1119–1132
Publish date: 2017-02-10
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Flotation separation of cervantite (Sb2O4) from quartz was investigated using dodecylamine (DDA) as a collector. Experiments were conducted on single minerals and on a synthetic mixture of quartz and cervantite. Flotation separation mechanisms were investigated using the zeta potential technique, solution chemistry principles, density functional calculations and Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The results indicated that DDA, primarily in the form of molecules, exhibited excellent performance in flotation of cervantite and quartz at pH 10.5. The adsorption energy of the DDA molecules on the cervantite surface was greater than the adsorption energy of water molecules, while the adsorption energy of DDA on the quartz surface was less than the adsorption energy of water molecules. DDA molecules can be adsorbed on the quartz surface to a certain extent, but it was difficult for the same molecule to be adsorbed on the cervantite surface in the pulp. This resulted in flotation of quartz. DDA molecules were adsorbed on quartz not only through physical adsorption but also by hydrogen bonding. However, cervantite could not be floated at pH 10.5 since adsorption of DDA molecules occurred through weak physical bonds on cervantite.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Jinming Wang   
Southwest University of Science and Technology, qinglong street No.59, mianyang, 621010 mingyang, China
 
REFERENCES (27):
1. ANDERSON, C.G., 2012, The metallurgy of antimony, Chem. Erde-Geochem., 72(S4), 3-8.
2. CEPERLEY, D. M., ALDER, B. J., 1980, The ground state of the electron gas by a stochastic method, Phys. Rev. Lett., 45(7), 566-569.
3. CHEN, J. H., KE, B. L., LAN, L. H., LI, Y. Q., 2015, DFT and experimental studies of oxygen adsorption on galena surface bearing Ag, Mn, Bi and Cu impurities, Miner. Eng., 71, 170-179.
4. FILIPPOV, L.O., SEVEROV, V.V., FILIPPOVA, I.V., 2014, An overview of the beneficiation of iron ores via reverse cationic flotation, Int. J. Miner. Process., 127, 62-69.
5. GLINNEMANN, J., 1992, Crystal structures of the low-temperature quartz-type phases of SiO2 and GeO2 at elevated pressure, Z. Kristallogr. Krist., 198(3-4), 177-212.
6. GAO, Z. Y., SUN, W., HU, Y. H., 2015, New insights into the dodecylamine adsorption on scheelite and calcite: An adsorption model, Miner. Eng., 79, 54-61.
7. HAN, Y. H., LIU, W. L., CHEN, J. H., 2016, DFT simulation of the adsorption of sodium silicate species on kaolinite surfaces, Appl. Surf. Sci., 370, 403-409.
8. HENCKENS, M.L.C.M., DRIESSEN, P.P.J., WORRELL, E., 2016, How can we adapt to geological scarcity of antimony? Investigation of antimony's substitutability and of other measures to achieve a sustainable use, Resour. Conserv. Recy.,, 108, 54-62.
9. JIANG, T.Y., JIANG, J., XU, R. K., LI, Z., 2012, Adsorption of Pb (II) on variable charge soils amended with rice-straw derived biochar, Chemosphere, 89(3), 249-256.
10. JUANG, R.S., WU, W. L., 2002, Adsorption of Sulfate and Copper (II) on Goethite in Relation to the Changes of Zeta Potentials, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 249(1), 22-29.
11. KIM, J. K., LAWLER, D. F., 2005, Characteristics of zeta potential distribution in silica particles, B. Kor. Chem. Soc., 26(7), 1083-1089.
12. KOU, J., TAO, D., XU, G., 2010, A study of adsorption of dodecylamine on quartz surface using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation, Colloid. Surface. A, 368, 75-83.
13. LIU, A., FAN, J.C., FAN, M. Q., 2015a, Quantum chemical calculations and molecular dynamics simulations of amine collector adsorption on quartz (0 0 1) surface in the aqueous solution, Int. J. Miner. Process., 134, 1-10.
14. LIU, J., WANG, X. M., LIN, C. L., MILLER, J.D., 2015b, Significance of particle aggregation in the reverse flotation of kaolinite from bauxite ore, Miner. Eng., 78, 58-65.
15. LI, H. C., DE BRUYN, P. L., 1966, Electro-kinetic and adsorption studies on quartz, Surf. Sci., 5(2), 203-220.
16. LIAO, P. J., 1983, Study on surface electrical properties and floatability of antimony oxide, J. Cent. S. I. Min. Metall., 1, 21-29.
17. MAJID, E., MEHDI, I. MAHDI, G., 2011, Influence of important factors on flotation of zinc oxide mineral using cationic, anionic and mixed (cationic/anionic) collectors, Miner. Eng., 24(13):1402-1408.
18. MONKHORST, H.J., PACK, J.D., 1976, Special points for Brillouin-zone integrations, Phys. Rev. B, 13(12), 5188- 5192.
19. OROSEL, D., BALOG, P., LIU, H., QIAN, J., JANSEN, M., 2005, Sb2O4 at high pressures and high temperatures, J. Solid State Chem., 178(9), 2602-2607.
20. OU, L. M., FENG, Q. M., CHEN, J., 1998, The pulp electrochemistry of flotation separation for stibnite- arsenopyrite bulk concentrate, J. Cent. S. Univ. Tec., 5(1), 4-6.
21. PAYNE, M.C., TETER, M.P., ALLAN, D.C., ARIAS, T.A., JOANNOPOULOS, J.D., 1992, Iterative minimization techniques for ab initio total energy calculation: molecular dynamics and conjugate gradients, Rev. Mod. Phys., 64(4), 1045-1097.
22. PERDEW, J. P., ZUNGER, A., 1981, Self-interaction correction to density-functional approximations for many- electron systems, Phys. Rev. B, 23(10), 5048-5079.
23. QUAST, K. 2016, The use of zeta potential to investigate the interaction of oleate on hematite, Miner. Eng., 85, 130-137.
24. RIAZ, M., JAN, N., HUSSAIN, M., KHAN, F., YAMIN, A., 2008, Flotation studies of low grade stibnite ore from Krinj (Chitral) area, J. Chem. Soc. Pakistan, 30(4), 584-587.
25. VIDYADHAR, A., RAO, H.K., 2007, Adsorption mechanism of mixed cationic/anionic collectors in feldspar-quartz flotation system, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 306(2), 195-204.
26. XU, S. H., KOU, J., SUN, T. C., JONG, K., 2015, A study of adsorption mechanism of dodecylamine on sphalerite, Colloid. Surface. A, 486, 145-152.
27. ZHANG, S., LIU, Q. F., CHENG, H. F., LI, X. G, ZENG, F. G., FROST, R.L., 2014, Intercalation of dodecylamine into kaolinite and its layering structure investigated by molecular dynamics simulation, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 430, 345-350.
eISSN:2084-4735
ISSN:1643-1049