Flotation of long flame coal pretreated by polyoxyethlene sorbitan monostearate
Chao Ni 1,   Guangyuan Xie 1  
,   Zhiyuan Li 1,   Xiangning Bu 1,   Yaoli Peng 1,   Jie Sha 1
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Key Laboratory of Coal Processing and Efficient Utilization (Ministry of Education), School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
Publication date: 2016-01-01
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2016;52(1):317–327
In this investigation, polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate (Tween 60) was used to improve flotation of fine long flame coal. The flotation recovery of long flame coal could be increased when long flame coal was either pretreated or conditioned with Tween 60 in a flotation cell for a period before the addition of collector. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) technique was used to indicate surface properties of long flame coal. The results of FTIR show that there are many oxygen functional groups on the surface. Contact angle measurements were used to indicate changes in hydrophobicity of coal surface before and after Tween 60 and/or diesel pretreatments. The results of contact angle measurements show that hydrophobicity of coal can be increased by Tween 60. Tween 60 can also enhance adsorption of diesel on the coal surface, and hence floatability of long flame coal can be further improved. Tween 60 primarily enhances the flotation recovery of low density coal fractions (<1.5 and 1.5-1.8 kg/dm3). However, the increase in flotatation recovery is less significant with an excessive addition of Tween 60.