Effect of direct reduction time of vanadium titanomagnetite concentrate on the preparation and photocatalytic performance of calcium titanate
Xiaohui Li 1,   Jue Kou 1  
,   Tichang Sun 1,   Shichao Wu 1,   Yuechao Tian 1
 
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University of Science and Technology, Beijing
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Jue Kou   

University of Science and Technology, Beijing
Publication date: 2020-10-21
 
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2021;57(1):75–86
 
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ABSTRACT
Effects of direct reduction time of vanadium titanomagnetite concentrate (VTCE) on the preparation and photocatalytic performance of calcium titanate were investigated in this study. It was found that extending the reduction time could not only promote the formation of calcium titanate, but also facilitate the reduction of iron minerals in the reduction products. The optimum reduction time was 180min under the conditions of CaCO3 dosage of 18wt%, reduction temperature of 1400℃ and lignite dosage of 70wt%. The reduced iron (Fe grade of 90.95wt%, Fe recovery of 92.21wt%) and calcium titanate were obtained via grinding-magnetic separation. Moreover, calcium titanate prepared via the direct reduction method could be used as a photocatalyst, where the degradation degree of methylene blue increased from 25.13% to 60.14% with the addition of calcium titanate. Furthermore, Langmuir Hinshelwood fitting results indicated that the degradation of methylene blue by the calcium titanate prepared under different reduction times conformed to first-order reaction kinetics, where the photocatalytic degradation rate of methylene blue was noted to be the highest for a reduction time of 180 min.
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