Effect of chitosan, hyaluronic acid and/or titanium dioxide on the physicochemical characteristic of phospholipid film/glass surface
 
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Department of Interfacial Phenomena, Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Agata Ładniak   

Department of Interfacial Phenomena, Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
Publication date: 2019-10-18
 
Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2019;55(6):1535–1548
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ABSTRACT
The production of preparations, whose destination action takes place in close proximity to living cells, increases the necessity to carry out studies concerning the determination of the biomaterial surface effect on the cellular response. In achieving this goal, physicochemical characteristic of the surface can be helpful. This can be established based on topography, chemical composition, wettability, and surface energy analysis. In addition, determining the changes of these properties which can occur as a result of surface modification will allow prediction of cell behaviour when contacting with biomaterial. In the study, the Langmuir-Blodgett technique was used. It enabled the transfer of the Langmuir monolayer formed from 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) to a solid support. The DPPC film imitated a natural biological membrane capable of interacting with the components of the liquid subphase: chitosan (Ch), hyaluronic acid (HA) and/or titanium dioxide (TiO2). Depending on the type and strength of interactions of phospholipid molecules with the components of the subphase, the films obtained on the solid support were characterized by specific surface properties. Their characteristics based mainly on values of the work of adhesion in connection with films topography, allowed for statement that it is possible to form semi-interpenetrating Ch network in which HA is entrapped, contributing to the enhanced adhesion of the DPPC film, additionally intensified by TiO2 inclusion. This type of research permit for better understanding of the interactions at the interface, cell membrane-Ch/HA/TiO2 and can be important in the creation of a new generation of skin or tissue substitutes.
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